If you have the freedom to decide something on your own, the decision is left to your discretion. You’re in charge.
Discretion traces back to the Latin verb discernere “to separate, to discern” from the prefix dis- “off, away” plus cernere “separate, sift.” If you use discretion, you sift away what is not desirable, keeping only the good. If you have the freedom to choose, something is “at your discretion.” Watch out when you hear the phrase, “viewer discretion advised” on TV or at the movies, you will be watching something quite violent or explicitly sexual.
PS: “viewers discretion advised”
A dissertation is a long piece of writing that uses research to bring to light an original idea. Don’t go to grad school unless you’re prepared to write, say, a 300-page dissertation on some topic.
In everyday speech, we sometimes accuse people of delivering dissertations when they overload us with dull information. If you’re annoyed with a long memo from your office manager about keeping the kitchen clean, you could mutter to a coworker, “How’d you like that dissertation Felix posted about rinsing out our mugs?”
sift:nv: sift is used in case of discretion.
To bake a cake, you sift the flour to get out the lumps. When you sift, you separate out one thing from another.
When you sort through the mail looking for the bills or go through your photos to find that shot of your dog, that’s sifting, too. Detectives sift through piles of evidence when investigating crimes, and you might sift through the hundred applications you get from drummers eager to join your band, to find Ms. Right. When you’re at the beach, you can sift sand through your fingers, and you might see big machines that sift the sand to clean it.
moot:nv: debatable, consider
When a point is moot, it’s too trivial to think about. If your basketball team loses by 40 points, the bad call by the official in the first quarter is moot: it isn’t important.
Though moot can mean to debate endlessly without any clear decision or to think about something carefully, it most often describes ideas and arguments that don’t really matter. If your plane is crashing, whether or not your socks match is a moot point. When someone accuses you of making a moot point, he’s basically saying, “Come on! Let’s talk about what’s important.” As with so many things, people don’t always agree on what’s moot and what’s not.
The adjective retroactive refers to something happening now that affects the past. For example, a retroactive tax is one that is passed at one time, but payable back to a time before the tax was passed.
The Latin word retroagere, an ancestor of the adjective retroactive, means “drive or turn back,” and goes along with the meaning of the word. Sometimes governments pass rulings that are set as if they were in effect before the ruling was even made, and that means they are retroactive. On the bright side, you might be awarded a salary raise that is retroactive, meaning you’ll get paid more for work you did in the past. And, retroactive fads in clothing keep vintage clothing stores in business.
meander:nv: sinuous, wander
To meander means to wander aimlessly on a winding roundabout course. If you want some time to yourself after school, you might meander home, taking the time to window shop and look around.
Meander comes from a river in modern-day Turkey, the Maiandros, which winds and wanders on its course. Today, a stream or a path meanders, as does a person who walks somewhere in a roundabout fashion. If your speech meanders, you don’t keep to the point. It’s hard to understand what your teacher is trying to impart if he keeps meandering off with anecdotes and digressions. Pronounce meander with three syllables not two — me-AN-der.
If you’re in a fight with a friend and you want to end it, you should make a conciliatory gesture, such as inviting her to a party you’re having. Conciliatory describes things that make other people less angry.
The context is often a situation in which a dispute is settled by compromise. A synonym is propitiatory, though this adjective usually refers to avoiding the anger of someone who has the power to harm. In the word conciliatory, the –ory suffix means “relating to or doing,” and the root is from Latin conciliatus, from conciliare “to bring together, win over,” from concilium “council.”
Inclement usually refers to severe or harsh weather that is cold and wet. When packing for a trip to the Caribbean bring tank tops and shorts, but don’t forget a raincoat in case of inclement weather.
This adjective can also refer to a person or action that is harsh and unmerciful. Inclement is from a Latin root formed from the prefix in- “not” plus clemens “clement.” This English adjective clement can mean either mild or merciful; the more commonly used noun clemency can mean mildness or mercy.
A desperate search for a Maine elementary school teacher missing since Sunday has so far resulted in more questions than clues.
— Look into above part of the sentence is without any tense in it so it is not bad to include such into your own writiting.
surreal:adj: unrealistic, dreamlike
If you see a goldfish fly out of a melting clock and offer you tango lessons, you’re having a surreal experience! Either that or you’re asleep and dreaming. Things that are surreal combine unrelated elements to create a bizarre scene.
The adjective surreal comes from Surrealism, a movement that produced films, writing, painting, and other art forms that often contained irrational, disjointed images. So, surreal describes something that’s a bizarre mix of elements, often jarring and seemingly nonsensical. Images can be surreal, like the melting clocks in Salvador Dali’s paintings, but so can strange, dream-like moments in everyday life.
You often hear that Congress is going to enact a new statute, which means that they will make it into a law. But enact also means to perform, like in a play. (Makes you wonder if the lawmakers are actors!)
Inside the word enact is that little word act, meaning “to do.” That makes sense, because when you enact something, you make it happen. And of course, we know that to act also means to perform, and so enact means “to act out,” like on stage. Now that the new rules have been enacted, you’ll have to stop wearing your gorilla suit to work. Even after Labor Day.
To ordain is to make someone a minister, priest, monk, or other member of the clergy. In the Catholic church, for example, a bishop ordains new priests.
When you say that people have been ordained, you usually mean that they’ve been invested with special religion-related powers. In many Buddhist traditions, senior monks ordain new monks and, increasingly, female monks (or nuns) as well. Occasionally, this chiefly religious verb is used to mean “officially declare” or “decree” in a secular matter, as when a court ordains desegregation.
If it’s the day before a big event and you have no idea what to wear and nothing in your closet is going to cut it, you are facing a sartorial dilemma — one that pertains to clothing, fashion, or dressing.
Sartorial comes from the Modern Latin word sartor which means “tailor,” literally “one who patches and mends.” In English the adjectives sartorial and sartorially are used to refer to any matter pertaining to the consideration of clothing or fashion. The root word sartor has also made its way into the field of biology. The sartorius — a muscle in the leg and the longest muscle in the human body — gets its name because it is used when crossing the legs, also known as the “tailor’s position.”
The verb dumbfound means to puzzle, mystify, or amaze. If people never expected you to amount to much in high school, but you grew up to be a rocket scientist, you will surely dumbfound your former classmates at your next reunion.
The word dumbfound is a combination of the words dumb and confound. Dumb, in the original sense, means unable to speak. Confound is from the Latin word confundere, which means to mix together as well as to confuse. Thus the blended word dumbfound has the sense of to confuse to the point of speechlessness. If you see a solar eclipse for the first time, it might dumbfound you.
To nonplus is to baffle or confuse someone to the point that they have nothing to say. Something weird and mysterious can nonplus you, like a play that is performed entirely by chickens.
If you know a little French or Latin, you’ll recognize that “non plus” means “no more.” When something bewildering nonpluses you, there’s no more you can say or do about it. A goal of getting poor grades, running with a bad crowd, and refusing to eat would leave your parents nonplussed. Sometimes people misuse nonplus to mean “unimpressed,” but that’s not correct: to nonplus is to puzzle, confuse, and dumbfound.
Something that’s way too sugary is treacly. Your little brother might love treats like fudge and caramels and syrupy soft drinks that just taste treacly to you. You can also use the word in a more figurative way, to talk about overly sweet talk or behavior, like the treacly language on a sentimental greeting card. Treacly comes from treacle — a British term for molasses — originally “an antidote to poison,” from the Greek root theriake, “antidote for poisonous wild animals.”
Enjoin looks like it should mean bring together, and at one time, it did have that meaning. But in current usage, the only thing enjoin brings together is a command and the person on the receiving end of that order. If your doctor enjoins you to stop smoking, he is suggesting strongly that you quit.
|synonyms:||infatuated with, smitten with, in love with, love-struck by, head over heels in love with, hopelessly in love with, obsessed with, passionate about, consumed with desire for, devoted to, doting on, greatly enamoured of, very attracted to, very taken with, charmed by, captivated by, enchanted by, enthralled by, bewitched by, beguiled by, under someone’s spell, hypnotized by;